Along with other species, India has the most species of cats than any other country. 92 percent of india and world geography by majid husain pdf free download belonged to the government.
1200 species of birds in India. There are over 17000 species of flowering plants in India, which account for six percent of the total plant species in the world. India comprises seven percent of world’s flora. Wide range of climatic conditions in India gave rise to rich variety of flora. India covers more than 45,000 species of flora, out of which several are endemic to the region. India is divided into eight main floristic regions: North-Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Assam, Indus plain, Ganga plain, the Deccan, the Malabar and the Andamans.
40 and 60 million years ago according to four observations, one being that there is no mammalian fossil record in India from around 50 million years ago. The climate comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult. Given the size of India with the Himalayas, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean, there is a great variation in temperature and precipitation distribution in the subcontinent. India hosts six major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories. Pollution is one of the main environmental issues in India.
The major sources of water pollution are domestic, industrial, agricultural and shipping waste waters. Most rivers, lakes and surface water are polluted. It can be reduced by judicious use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides and treatment of effluents before being used for irrigation. Due to increasing population and enhanced food grains consumption, more and more rain fed crop lands are brought under intensive cultivation by ground and surface water irrigation. The irrigated land is losing gradually its fertility by converting into saline alkali soil. Airborne particles like soot, fumes and dust are potentially harmful depending on the pollutant’s chemical and physical structure. They can affect climate and reduce scattering of solar radiation in the atmosphere.
This can be defined as the state of discomfort or stress caused by unwanted high intensity sound. It increases in proportion to urbanisation and industrialisation. Poor infrastructure, lack of financial resources further result in it having a low financial adaptive capacity. The nation is vulnerable to the immediate socio-economic effects of climate change. A 2002 study indicated that the temperature over the country increased at around 0. 8 percent of the total area of the country were designated as protected areas.
That comprised 100 national parks, 514 sanctuaries, 41 conservation reserves and four community reserves. Article 51-A states that “it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures. Prior to the CBD, India had different laws to govern the environment. Act 1992 for control of biodiversity. Its population reached as low as 2000 in 1970.
Human population growth, cultivation of forest land and mainly hunting were the key factors for this decline. Indian conservationists were instrumental in getting the government to ban hunting and set aside national parks. The environmentalist movement in India began with these incidents. Total area excludes disputed territories not under Indian control.
Indian Renewable Installed Capacity has reached 27. How Much Should a Person Consume? Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change : Government of India. This page was last edited on 27 December 2017, at 22:37. There are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world. The use of plants as a source of medicines has been an integral part of life in India from the earliest times. There are more than 3000 Indian plant species officially documented as possessing great medicinal potential.
92 percent of that belongs to the government. 7 percent is forested compared to the recommended 33 percent of the National Forest Policy Resolution 1952. Deccan and western Gangetic plain. Environmental Education Centre is a Centre of Excellence of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
This page was last edited on 8 December 2017, at 12:24. Geography is a major part of General Studies Paper 1 in Civil Services Exam Prelims. This paper will include questions from Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the world. 5 Books to Study Geography for IAS Prelims Exam: This paper will include questions from Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the world. Enroll now in the ClearIAS Prelims Test Series 2018! How to start IAS preparation? UPSC Exam toppers share their strategies and experiences.
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