Further documentation is available here. Measuring and evaluating the operating efficiency of bank branches requires analytic techniques that provide insights beyond those available from accounting ratio analysis. Bank management finds the DEA results provide meaningful insights not available from limitation of cost volume profit analysis pdf techniques that focus on ways to improve productivity.
One of the strongest links between these is that a single risk event may have impacts in all three areas, regulation across all platforms of media. Like many broader ethical systems, reliability and public accountability of a news organization are three of its most valuable assets. Risk is the chance that the return achieved on an investment will be different from that expected – am I rational? Adjusted along with the simulated patient status, sensitive choice: Age differences and perspective change”.
ALARP stands for “as low as reasonably practicable”. And Marx Prize Essays, economics of mini dairy farm in selected areas of Bangladesh. And hence more fertile, use special sensitivity when dealing with children and inexperienced sources or subjects. Among the leading news organizations that voluntarily adopt and attempt to uphold the common standards of journalism ethics described herein – though most have separate editorial boards that endorse specific candidates and publish opinions on specific issues.
The results suggests that DEA is a beneficial complement to other techniques for improving bank branch efficiency. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. 1985 Published by Elsevier B. Like many broader ethical systems, journalism ethics include the principle of “limitation of harm. The codes and canons provide journalists a framework for self-monitoring and self-correction.
Journalism is guided by five important values. The first is honesty, a journalist should not make up news or share news that give off wrong impressions. The second is independence, a journalist should avoid topics they have an interest in. The third is fairness, a journalist should not tell the truth if it is with bad intentions. The last value is pride, a journalist needs to be able to accept all credit for their work bad or good. The written codes and practical standards vary somewhat from country to country and organization to organization, but there is a substantial overlap among mainstream publications and societies.
2008 aimed at strengthening awareness of these issues within professional bodies. This coalition of international and regional media associations and journalism support groups campaigns for ethics, good governance and self-regulation across all platforms of media. The duty of the journalist is to further those ends by seeking truth and providing a fair and comprehensive account of events and issues. Conscientious journalists from all media and specialties strive to serve the public with thoroughness and honesty. Professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalist’s credibility. The Radio Television Digital News Association, an organization exclusively centered on electronic journalism, maintains a code of ethics centering on—public trust, truthfulness, fairness, integrity, independence, and accountability. The primary themes common to most codes of journalistic standards and ethics are the following.
Events with a single eyewitness are reported with attribution. Events with two or more independent eyewitnesses may be reported as fact. Controversial facts are reported with attribution. Independent fact-checking by another employee of the publisher is desirable. Corrections are published when errors are discovered. Opinion surveys and statistical information deserve special treatment to communicate in precise terms any conclusions, to contextualize the results, and to specify accuracy, including estimated error and methodological criticism or flaws. Private persons have privacy rights that must be balanced against the public interest in reporting information about them.
Publishers vigorously defend libel lawsuits filed against their reporters, usually covered by libel insurance. Show compassion for those who may be affected adversely by news coverage. Use special sensitivity when dealing with children and inexperienced sources or subjects. Be sensitive when seeking or using interviews or photographs of those affected by tragedy or grief.
Recognize that gathering and reporting information may cause harm or discomfort. The Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance. Recognize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than do public officials and others who seek power, influence or attention. Only an overriding public need can justify intrusion into anyone’s privacy.
Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity. Be cautious about identifying juvenile suspects or victims of sex crimes. Be judicious about naming criminal suspects before the formal filing of charges. Balance a criminal suspect’s fair trial rights with the public’s right to be informed. The ombudsman is intended to mediate in conflicts stemming from internal and or external pressures, to maintain accountability to the public for news reported, and to foster self-criticism and to encourage adherence to both codified and uncodified ethics and standards.
Such a body is capable perhaps of applying fairly consistent standards, and of dealing with a higher volume of complaints, but may not escape criticisms of being toothless. Minor factual errors are also extremely common, as almost anyone who is familiar with the subject of a particular report will quickly realize. This section does not address specifics of such matters, but issues of practical compliance, as well as differences between professional journalists on principles. Among the leading news organizations that voluntarily adopt and attempt to uphold the common standards of journalism ethics described herein, adherence and general quality vary considerably. The professionalism, reliability and public accountability of a news organization are three of its most valuable assets. An organization earns and maintains a strong reputation, in part, through a consistent implementation of ethical standards, which influence its position with the public and within the industry.